Applus+ IDIADA has recently been participating in the definition of the necessary steps to achieve vehicular transportation sustainability through transportation emissions reduction in the dedicated position paper Clarification on “ZERO” emissions, published by the EARPA association’s foresight group Energy Powertrains and Electrification (EPE).
The topics covered in the paper aim to give a comprehensive overview of the main aspects involved in the fulfilment of the European sustainable transportation milestone and attempt to clarify the meaning of “zero” emissions in different contexts.
In doing so, the paper analyses the current departing situation, from energy production assessment in context of ‘x-to-wheel analyses’, and provides an assessment on an array of key aspects such as: zero emission approach for different vehicle types; the impact and implications of pollutants –both regulated and non-regulated, primary and secondary– and greenhouse gases’ (GHG) emissions; the emission control and On-Board Monitoring (OBM) to comply with even stricter future regulations considering the implications of a widened scope of emissions assessment, including non-tailpipe –mainly from tyres and brakes–, noise, and electromagnetic compatibility.
The KPIs for the evaluation and the research needs are described by stating the main expected impacts that can be directly quantified for emissions in alignment with Green Vehicle Index (GVI) project, coordinated by Applus+ IDIADA, focussing on clean air, energy efficiency and GHG indexes.
Among other aspects, the paper also highlights the room for improvement of basic components for the development of “near zero” impact powertrains, in the medium- and long-term, in particular for urban environments operation by emphasizing that future assessment of technological developments must be based on Well-to-Wheel (WtW) emissions, and on thorough Life Cycle Analyses (LCA).
An overview of energy and power management optimization, mass and volume impact, charging strategies, electromagnetic compatibility for electrified powertrains, as well as the future of internal combustion engines and cybersecurity are also considered.
Finally, regulation aspects such as extended testing conditions and further pollutant considerations are analysed and compared from a worldwide perspective. All these arguments are considered taking into account the acceptance and participation of the general public in order to mitigate change-aversion.
Marco Mammetti, Powertrain R&D Manager at Applus+ IDIADA, states “IDIADA has extensive experience in vehicle emissions measurement built up over our history. We are already working to meet the Fit for 55 package’s requirements on long-term sustainability assessments, as part of the European Green Deal framework.”
Currently, Applus+ IDIADA is deploying facilities dedicated to battery and fuel cell based as well as other CO2 neutral emission powertrain assessment. According to Mammetti, such investments “will allow our clients to develop sustainable vehicles to achieve the overall emissions reduction from the transport system in the years to come.”